The "White Cloud Shepherd" of the poet Apollinaire, is perhaps a comprehensive assessment of the Eiffel Tower.
France without Paris is no longer France. For a hundred years, Paris without the Eiffel Tower is not Paris anymore. The image of France & Paris is associated with Eiffel through many movies, photos, books, newspapers, decorations, and souvenirs for domestic and foreign visitors to visit the capital.
Greek-born French culturalist Lepidus confided lovingly to the Eiffel Tower: "The tower is tall and delicate. Make up with lace strips. Paris & I cannot lack the tower. The tower is like a canola flower on the lapel, everywhere you can see it. From high on the roofs, or from the train from the small province, the tower soars into the sky like an arrow”.
Eiffel is a source of inspiration for many artists. They liken the tower to a splendid and beautiful wonder. Cinematographer Rene Clair considers the tower a living character in the work "Sleeping Paris". Artist Delaunay painted the tower 30 times. Critic Roland Barthes commented: painters, poets, musicians attributed to the tower all the charm of a lady, a princess, a girl.
Since 1889, hundreds of millions of people have visited the tower. Before nCovid, every year more than 5 million people visited, each day an average of over 10,000, of which 5% were Parisians. This is the most visited landscape in the world.
Eiffel - the symbol of Paris and France, is also a revolutionary symbol in two aspects: science, technology and politics.
Regarding science and technology, the tower represents a modern industrial era. At the end of the 19th century, a new architecture was formed, metal architecture with the use of iron as the main raw material, needed to create a new form to meet the demands of that industrialized society, in the context of French politics that time, the Republic wanted to demonstrate its belief in the future of technology and science. The 1889 international exhibition was held to confirm the uplifting of the national spirit since losing to Prussia in 1870.
After three years of hard work with 225 highly paid workers, and without a fatal work accident, the young Eiffel engineer completed the 300 meter high iron tower. Currently, it is 325m due to the addition of the antenna part of the television station, weighing 9700 tons, of which more than 7000 tons of steel, placed on a square block of 125m each, built on the Champ De Mars military training ground on the river bank Seine. Large steel chests for air storage are used to anchor the large four-legged of the tower under water and underground.
When the wind is strong, the tower can swing from 6 to 7cm, the iron can expand 18cm when it is hot. You can walk to the top of the tower (1710 steps). Usually, guests go by elevator to the second floor with the height of 57m, the third floor higher than 115m and the fourth floor 276m high.
In addition to the scientific and technical revolutionary meaning, Eiffel is also a revolutionary symbol in terms of politics. This work also has the goal of marking the hundredth anniversary of the French revolution in 1789, to promote the French republican regime, since the military defeat of 1870, it has risen with the achievement of new scientific industry.
For the French people, this was also the revenge of the idealists of an independent republic from the conservative Versailles.
The birth of the Eiffel Tower caused a wave of international competition. Engineers from many countries imitated to build towers to cross the high altitude record. The tower holds the high record for 40 years. It was not until 1930 that the Chrysler building exceeded 318m, and four months later the Empire State Building (378m). There are many later building towers higher than the Eiffel which is the tower of Poland 649m, Canada Tower in Toronto 549m, Moscow (507m), Tokyo TV tower 333m. The towers built later may be taller, but no tower has the same revolutionary & historical significance as this Eiffel.